Dolphins, otherwise known as porpoises, are aquatic mammals that are known for their playful nature and amazingly high intellect for a species other than human. While there are many dolphins that live around the globe, the Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin is the most widely known and recognized. Here are some fun facts that you may or may not have known about our oceanic friends, the porpoises.
Dolphins are said to be very intelligent, compared to other animals. There have been many intelligence tests done with dolphins to see just how intelligent they really are.
Dolphins are carnivores and hunters, enjoying anything from fish to squid.
The Killer Whale is actually a dolphin mistaken for a whale. This orca is very much a porpoise, despite its name and shape.
The members of the dolphin family have their own names, and share common names like many land mammals. Female Dolphins are often referred to as Cows, males are often referred to as bulls, and dolphin youth are often referred to as calves.
Dolphins often live in what is known as schools or pods, and can contain up to 12 individuals porpoises.
The way dolphins like to play with each other, and their overall playful disposition, makes them highly popular with humans along with their constant surfacing for air, they can also be seen jumping completely out of water, sometimes doing acrobatic abilities, surfing on waves, and even possibly interacting with human swimmers in the water. Some say dolphins are playful with humans, and others even say that they protect humans from predators in the water, like sharks. There have been reports of people being in an area with sharks present, and dolphins have swam circles around the humans in threatening situations to protect them from the predator.
Dolphins breathe through use of a blowhole on the top of their heads. Because of this, they need to resurface often, which makes them easier to spot when looking for them.
Despite being in the ocean, dolphins have incredible eyesight, and it is further amplified with their ability to use echolocation. Dolphins are also able to communicate with each other, by use of sounds like clicks and whistles.
Dolphins and porpoises have been in many movies, especially the Killer Whale (remember, its a dolphin!) in Shamu, the Dolphin Flipper, and even the dolphins at the beginning of the cult classic, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.
To learn more about the dolphin and to see them for yourself, take a dolphin cruise with the Southern Star!